New approach to scientific process by promoting data sharing and research results is referred to as “Open Science”. Compared to traditional research methods, Open Science supports sharing results very early in the process to reach more stakeholders and address challenges in a more effective way. As a result, there is no longer a complete ownership over knowledge or research outputs, and there are many challenges regarding the IPR and technology transfer in Open Science.
“Open” data often means that anyone can access, use, modify and share data for any use, but Open Science is not “a free science”, therefore level of data protection and open access to information were thoroughly discussed during the 3 panel sessions of the workshop: the first one tackled IPR and technology transfer in an Open Science context, the second one addressed Open data and the revision of the IPR framework, and finally, the third panel session discussed how can the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) conciliate Intellectual Property rules.
Webinar lasted from 15:00 until 16:10 CET, and 15 people attended (out of 30 registered). General introduction of the Big Data Europe project, as well as final remarks, were provided by 2 moderators: the SC6 domain lead Ivana Ilijasic Versic from CESSDA, and CTO of the SWC and SC6 support technical partner, Martin Kaltenboeck.
Dr. Haslhofer started by introducing Bitcoin as the most prominent example of a virtual cryptocurrency and the use of Blockchain Technology (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blockchain_(database)). This currency is not issued by any government, bank, or organization but relies on cryptographic protocols and a distributed peer-to-peer network of users to mint, store, and transfer currency units. Transactions are almost real-time and costs are minimal compared to established payment networks, which offers novel opportunities for businesses and payment providers. After explaining virtual currency ecosystems, he moved to presentation of the GraphSense project (http://www.graphsense.info/), its goals, features and technical aspects including a demonstration. Finally, Dr. Haslhofer closed the presentation by providing a glimpse into the outlook for virtual currencies ecosystems, and possible challenges lying ahead.
The final part of the webinar was reserved for Q&A and participants used the opportunity to explore further some of the facts shared with them during the presentation. Webinar was closed with the announcement of related events following in the course of 2017.